Kyoto, the ancient capital of Japan, lies in a basin surrounded by mountains on three sides. Over its 1,200-year history, Kyoto has blended diverse cultures, and is also called the spiritual home of the Japanese. In central Kyoto, the streets and alleys run east-west and north-south, forming a grid pattern. In addition to Nijo Castle and 16 other UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Kyoto is home to more than 2,000 shrines and temples. Mountains and forests account for roughly three-quarters of the municipal area that stretches longitudinally. The remaining quarter of the area comprises the urban district with the Imperial Palace at its center. Due to its basin-specific climate, Kyoto undergoes drastic temperature changes between day and night, and between the hottest and coldest periods of the year. It is renowned for the beauty and subtleties of its clearly defined seasons.
Kyoto is not only a historic city that attracts domestic and international tourists, but also an academic center that boasts several universities and junior colleges. It is an environmentally advanced city that can serve as a role model for a low-carbon, recycling-oriented society.
You can know more through Kyoto Travel Guide Official by City of Kyoto.